English Name: Longlure Frogfish
Scientific Name: Antennarius multiocellatus
Family: Antennariidae (Frogfish)
Other Names: Flagpole Frogfish
The average length of the long lure frogfish is 11 cm (~4.3″) with a maximum of 20 cm (~7.9″). It has a short round body with webbed pectoral and dorsal fins (they use these like hands to walk or hold something). The coloring varies depending on the frogfish’s environment as it takes on the color of the dominant sponge in its surrounding; it ranges from black to light yellow to red and even green. There are always black spots on the body, which are sometimes edged white.
Distinct features: 1) small eyes; 2) large upturned mouth; 3) very small gill openings; and 4) the first dorsal spine is not located on the back but on the snout; it looks like a long filament.
Longlure Frogfish prey mostly on fish, occasionally on crab and shrimp. They wait for prey while hiding in a sponge; then lure in prey by moving its illicium (elongated first spine on dorsal fin); they swallow the prey whole.
There is not much known about other life history aspects of this species. It is known that the female spawns several times throughout each spawning season and that thousands of eggs travel in a mucus mass called “egg raft”.
Local Research and Conservation Efforts
The Longlure Frogfish is protected within the marine protected areas of all six Dutch Caribbean islands.
Did You Know?