Pelikan Rock is a small rocky islet about 3.28 km² (328 ha.) in size located 1.5 kilometres off the southeast coast of St. Maarten. The shoreline of the islet is made up of rocky cliffs up to 10 metres (33 feet) high. The rest of the islet consists of a plateau covered in shrub. Pelikan Rock is located within the Man of War Shoal Marine Park and is therefore protected by law and managed by the Nature Foundation. Access to the islet is not permitted.
Birdlife International has designated Pelikan Rock as an Important Bird Area for St. Maarten. The area has been denominated as IBA AN005. Pelikan Rock is notable for its globally important population of Laughing Gull (Larus atricilla), as well as smaller but regionally significant populations of Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis) and Royal Tern (Sterna maxima). Bridled Terns (Sterna anaethetus) also nest here.Source: BirdLife International. (2008). Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: Key sites for Conservation. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 15).